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How have government spending priorities changed for 2012?

The 2012 Budget of RM 232.8 billion shows increased spending across most Federal government agencies. However, when compared with the 2011 Budget of RM 213.9 billion, it becomes apparent that some agencies received a reduced share of the budget despite an increase in spending.

For some allocations (e.g. Simpanan Luar Jangka/Contingencies Reserve) that is to be expected. But this visualisation helps analysts see which agencies experienced the biggest shifts in spending. It also serves to highlight any incongruity between the increases in dollar figures versus the proportional change in spending. Take Education and Security for example.

For Education, the total increase for the Ministry of Education (Kementerian Pelajaran) and Ministry of Higher Education (Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi) is RM 1.8 billion.

For Security, the total increase for the Ministry of Defence (Kementerian Pertahanan) and Ministry of Home Affairs (Kementerian Dalam Negeri) is RM 1.03 billion.

Looking at the dollar figures, it would seem that both spending areas have received substantial increases. While that is true, from the chart it is clear they have a lower priority.

How was this calculated?

For Education:

1) The Ministry of Education received an increase of 1.5 billion
2) The Ministry of Higher Education received an increase of 290 million.
3) The total increase is 1.8 billion.
4) In 2011 they took up 22.6% of the budget. For 2012 they have been given 21.55%.
5) Despite the increase of 1.8 billion, it’s a loss of -1.05% since 2011.

For Security:

1) The Ministry of Defence received a decrease of 108.9 million
2) The Ministry of Home Affairs received an increase of 1.1358 billion.
3) In 2011 they took up 10.92% of the budget. For 2012 they have been given 10.47%.
4) That is a loss of -0.45% since 2011.
5) Individually the Ministry of Defence has reduced -0.57%, whereas the Ministry of Home Affairs increased by 0.12%.

In summary, both areas have received a reduced share of the budget, and the allocation share for Education has reduced at a greater rate than the allocation for Security.

Ahmed Kamal
———
Summary of the figures used in this chart:

(Agency – % change from 2011 to 2012)
Kementerian Kewangan – 1.243464
Kementerian Wilayah Persekutuan dan Kesejahteraan Bandar – 0.652124
Kementerian Kerja Raya – 0.56324
Kementerian Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani – 0.50238
Kementerian Perusahaan Perladangan dan Komoditi – 0.442796
Kementerian Tenaga, Teknologi Hijau dan Air – 0.285943
Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat – 0.262252
Kementerian Perdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri – 0.176616
Kementerian Kesihatan – 0.13168
Kementerian Dalam Negeri – 0.127052
Kementerian Sumber Manusia – 0.08036
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam – 0.019177
Kementerian Pelancongan – 0.015936
Kementerian Luar Negeri – 0.009734
Pejabat Penyimpan Mohor Besar Raja-Raja – (0.000024375)
Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Pendidikan – (0.00045)
Jabatan Audit – (0.00089)
Parlimen – (0.00115)
Jabatan Peguam Negara – (0.0014)
Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam – (0.00149)
Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya – (0.00156)
Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) – (0.00378)
Kementerian Penerangan, Komunikasi dan Kebudayaan – (0.00384)
Kementerian Perumahan dan Kerajaan Tempatan – (0.02464)
Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi – (0.02704)
Kementerian Belia dan Sukan – (0.03375)
Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar – (0.03676)
Kementerian Perdagangan Dalam Koperasi dan Kepenggunaan – (0.05891)
Simpanan Luar Jangka – (0.07565)
Kementerian Pengangkutan – (0.09692)
Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi – (0.35214)
Tanggungan – (0.41076)
Kementerian Kemajuan Luar Bandar dan Wilayah – (0.50461)
Kementerian Pertahanan – (0.56966)
Kementerian Pelajaran – (0.70084)
Jabatan Perdana Menteri – (1.60688)

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Written by politweet

October 8, 2011 at 11:22 pm

Posted in Analyses

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