Politweet.Org

Observing Malaysian Social Media

Archive for March 2012

Location of politicians’ active followers (as of Feb 2012)

Politweet ran two censuses of politicians’ followers on Twitter, on December 4th 2011 and February 25th 2012. Based on the results it became clear that followers fell into 3 categories:

1) Suspended – Twitter includes suspended users in the list of followers. It is not known whether these suspended users eventually get deleted, our data from 2009 shows that a follower count constantly increases

2) Dummy – these are users who have 0 tweets and 0 followers. They may be automated bots or accounts created for the sole purpose of passive consumption of tweets

3) Inactive – these are users who have shown no change in their activity stats (tweets, friend count) in the last 3 months. They may have stopped using Twitter entirely, or switched to passive consumption
4) Active – users who have tweeted or followed/unfollowed others in the last 3 monthsThese charts are based on active followers because they are the ones most likely to spread information within the Twitter network.

The country of residence for each user was derived from their stated location and in some cases, language and time zone. Time zone was used minimally because most users leave it at the default (Alaska) and many users state the wrong time-zone. For example, we found 2500 users who stated their time zone as Beijing. Based on the names, location and latest tweets from a sample, we found that most of them are actually Malaysians. So we had to avoid using time zone to determine location. The country could not be determined for 413,271 users.

For the most part, both political coalitions have minor percentage differences for their followers. Barisan Nasional (BN) active follower base is 2.22 times larger than Pakatan Rakyat’s (PR), so for most countries BN has more followers. However when it comes to Indonesia, PR has attracted more followers than BN. Anwar Ibrahim is the main contributing factor as 2,381 or 40.96% of PR’s Indonesian followers only follow him.

That is the only point worth noting for now, but as we run more censuses we should be able to determine growth trends among followers.

Ahmed Kamal
29th March 2012

=====================
Summary of the data, from census done between February 25th – March 1st 2012

There are 636,949 followers in the total population. 274,328 (43.07%) are active.
BN has 512,433 followers. 226,844 (44.27%) are active.
PR has 239,767 followers. 102,134 (42.60%) are active.

*numbers shown are count of users

Barisan Nasional (BN) followers
——————————-
MY 121055
Unknown 97924
ID 1386
GB 1310
AU 858
DE 662
SG 661
KR 609
US 573
JP 294
IN 210
EG 209
TH 154
BN 147
RU 115
CA 94
TR 76
FR 71
AE 69
NZ 64
IE 56
PH 52
BD 47
CN 46
PK 43
HK 33
NL 26

Pakatan Rakyat (PR) followers
—————————–

MY 52881
Unknown 39336
ID 5812
GB 891
AU 679
SG 487
US 368
EG 251
KR 170
JP 166
IN 130
TH 111
PH 106
DE 103
PK 78
TR 78
RU 75
BD 63
CA 55
HK 49
BN 46
NZ 45
AE 39
CN 35
IE 32
FR 25
NL 23

Written by politweet

March 29, 2012 at 3:44 am

Language trends in Malaysia’s political discourse (as of 25th March)

The language of political discourse on Twitter has always been a mix of English and Malay, however since August 2011 Malay has overtaken English as the dominant language. This graph shows the number of Twitter users who mention politicians each month based on the language used.

The data used for this graph came from 1.5 million tweets that Politweet analysed to determine the language. This includes retweets, so the results are not based on original content by each user.

Malay tweets were particularly hard to identify due to use of slang and intentional removal of vowels, so many tweets were mismatched against other languages especially Portuguese and Spanish.It was found that from the population of 109,268 users*:

a) 105,424 (96.48%) speak English or Malay
b) 68,350 (62.72%) speak English and 69,042 (63.19%) speak Malay.
c) 37,074 (33.93%) exclusively speak Malay;
d) 36,382 (33.30%) exclusively speak English;
e) 31,968 (29.26%) exclusively speak a mix of English and Malay.
f) 2,593 (2.37%) speak Chinese
g) 776 (0.71%) exclusively speak Chinese
h) 1,778 (1.63%) of the Chinese speaking users tweeted in English or Malay.

*numbers in parentheses represent percentages of the population

The remaining 3,389 users (3.10%) in the population tweeted in other languages or could not be identified. Chinese speakers were not included in the graph due to their low numbers and the fact that many also tweeted in English or Malay.

Please note that the graph is not based on exclusive English/Malay-speaking users, so users who speak in both languages count towards both totals.

Ahmed Kamal
27th March 2012

=====================
Summary of the data, from 4th April 2010 – March 25th 2012

Format: Month/Year Users

Malay speakers
————–
4/10 893
5/10 940
6/10 1121
7/10 1231
8/10 1431
9/10 1416
10/10 2263
11/10 2170
12/10 3284
1/11 4161
2/11 3153
3/11 4466
4/11 5467
5/11 6828
6/11 5002
7/11 6006
8/11 7423
9/11 9259
10/11 11294
11/11 12930
12/11 12336
1/12 14938
2/12 13414
3/12 14930

English speakers
—————-
4/10 2110
5/10 2173
6/10 2583
7/10 2466
8/10 2469
9/10 2445
10/10 3482
11/10 3293
12/10 5259
1/11 5120
2/11 4367
3/11 6298
4/11 8180
5/11 8354
6/11 6144
7/11 7983
8/11 6862
9/11 9151
10/11 11037
11/11 10477
12/11 10398
1/12 14612
2/12 13180
3/12 11876

Chinese speakers
—————-
4/10 17
5/10 18
6/10 27
7/10 16
8/10 24
9/10 33
10/10 48
11/10 40
12/10 47
1/11 95
2/11 102
3/11 95
4/11 148
5/11 241
6/11 121
7/11 89
8/11 131
9/11 164
10/11 212
11/11 239
12/11 234
1/12 370
2/12 280
3/12 229

Total users (includes other languages)
————————————–
4/10 2427
5/10 2600
6/10 3057
7/10 3009
8/10 3256
9/10 3162
10/10 4602
11/10 4388
12/10 7033
1/11 7466
2/11 6247
3/11 8718
4/11 11209
5/11 12519
6/11 9208
7/11 11524
8/11 11822
9/11 15158
10/11 18465
11/11 19585
12/11 18821
1/12 24391
2/12 22080
3/12 22284

Written by politweet

March 27, 2012 at 3:31 am

Posted in Analyses, Social Media

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